A carpet is usually a textile floor covering consisting of an upper pile layer attached to a backing. The stack was usually made of wool, but synthetic fibres such as polypropylene, nylon or polyester have also been used since the 20th century, as these fibres are less costly than wool. Typically, the pile consists of twisted tufts that are usually heat-treated to retain their shape. In a similar way to the term rug, the term carpet is often used, but rugs are usually known to be smaller than a room and not fixed to the floor.
Carpets are used for a number of purposes, including insulating the feet of a person from a cold tile or concrete floor, making a space more comfortable as a place to sit on the floor (e.g. while playing with kids or as a prayer rug), minimising the sound of walking (especially in apartment buildings), and adding decor or colour to a room. By using differently dyed fabrics, carpets can be created in any colour. Carpets can be used to decorate the surface with several different styles of designs and motifs. In industrial and commercial facilities, such as department stores and hotels, and in private residences, carpets are used. Today, at many price and quality levels, a vast variety of carpets and rugs are available, ranging from cheap, synthetic carpets that are mass-produced in factories and used in commercial buildings to luxurious hand-knotted wool rugs that are used in wealthy families’ private homes.
Carpet Flooring (Carpeting)
A soft floor covering consisting of bonded carpet fibres or stapled fibres is a carpet. Carpeting refers to the coverage of wall-to-wall, while a rug is used simply to cover a room. Typically, this form of flooring is used indoors and can be used in areas of high and low traffic. Normally, it lasts 15-18 years before it has to be replaced. In general, the consistency of a carpet is measured in face weight, or how many fibres per square inch there are. The greater the weight of the face, the more plush a carpet will feel. Carpets are available in a number of fabrics, including wool, nylon, polyester, and olefin.
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